Aditya-L1 is India’s first solar vehicle sent into space. Aditya successfully crossed the second leg of the journey on Monday night. The spacecraft will observe the Sun’s corona layer and light rays from a position between the Sun and Earth, 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. Astronomers said that many new scientific information will be available from there.
After the recent success of Chandrayaan last Saturday, Indian Space Research Center ISRO successfully launched Aditya-L1 Suryayaan. ISRO said on Monday night that the spacecraft has crossed the second hurdle in its journey. ISRO informed this news by tweeting. The current location of Aditya and from which region Aditya is being tracked through satellites were also informed in the tweet.
The spacecraft is scheduled to cross the third hurdle on September 10. Aditya-L1 will cross the barrier around 2:30 pm Indian time.
This Suryayaan will travel for a total of 125 days. After the first 16 days in Earth’s orbit, it will pass towards the Sun.
Finally this spacecraft will reach the Lagrange point or L1 point. This Indian satellite will be located there.
The spacecraft has seven payloads for scientific experiments. Each of them has its own function. The spacecraft will be successful only when these payloads do their job properly.
For example, the VLC payload will image the Sun’s corona layer. Apart from that, VLC will monitor the spectrum of the sun and give a report. VLC will also provide information about the scattering of light rays from the Sun’s corona and its electromagnetic radiation. The job of the Solex Payload will be to judge what the Sun is like as a star.
Another payload is called SUIC. They will send images and data of the chromosphere and photosphere. The surface of the sun is called the photosphere and the layer of plasma from there to the corona is called the chromosphere. Other payloads will provide information on the Sun’s wind, particles and magnetic field.
Not only India, the whole world is watching the Aditya-L1 mission. Because if successful, this solar probe will provide many unknown information about the sun. Which is very important for further scientific research, to know the Sun.